Import data reveals dramatic shift duties have had on global mattress sourcing

Countries such as Indonesia and Mexico maintained strong positions while Vietnam and Turkey shipments dropped

HIGH POINT — Import figures published by investment banking firm Mann Armistead & Epperson this past spring show what a dramatic impact that antidumping duties can have on a given category such as bedding.

Antidumping and countervailing duties took effect last year for Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Serbia, Turkey and Thailand. They also had previously been imposed on China.

All of this prompted a shift to other countries around the world, as highlighted in the Mann, Armistead & Epperson report. It notes that the top 10 countries shipping mattresses to the U.S. are, in order, Indonesia, Mexico, Taiwan, Kosovo, Spain, Canada, Vietnam, Turkey, Bulgaria and Italy.

With the exception of Indonesia, Vietnam and Turkey, those countries missing from that list were major exporters that hit with duties including Cambodia, Malaysia, Serbia and Thailand. Note that China, too, failed to make the top 10 as its countervailing duties were nearly 98%, while antidumping duties for major producers were upwards of 163%. The all China rate was even more startling at nearly 1,732%.

The duties are assigned to factories but paid by importers of record, posing a significant increase in the cost of product for retailers and consumers alike.

If anything, the data shows how quickly shipment numbers can change as industry producers always gravitate to the lowest cost producer possible whether it’s from low-cost labor or a lack of duties.

Total mattress imports for 2021 were $1.33 billion, according to the Mann Armistead & Epperson report, down from nearly $1.5 billion in 2020, yet up from $1.17 billion and $1.21 billion in 2019 and 2018 respectively.

Indonesia, whose antidumping duties were 2.2%, ended up being the number one exporting country to the U.S. in 2021 with $357 million in shipments. That’s more than double its $169 million in shipments in 2019 and nearly 60 times the $6 million it shipped in 2018.

Compare that with Vietnam, which made the list, but came in at number seven in the top 10. Its shipments fell from $348 million in 2020 to $46 million in 2021. This obviously comes as no surprise given that most producers were hit with duties of around 145% and an all country rate of 668%.

Vietnam did much better in wood furniture shipments of nearly $5.8 billion, placing it at number one in the segment. It’s a gain that continues due largely to not only ongoing antidumping duties on Chinese-made bedroom but also due to the fact that other categories such as dining and occasional followed as they are developed as part of collections in many of the source same factories.

Mexico was another winner in the bedding segment with $283 million in shipments last year, more than double the $111 million in bedding it shipped to the U.S. in 2020.

It was followed by Taiwan, whose $158 million in shipments were more than five times the $31 million it shipped in 2020.

From there the numbers drop off dramatically, with Kosovo’s $93 million, Spain’s $58 million, Canada’s $49 million and Turkey’s $45 million in shipments.  Meanwhile, Bulgaria and Italy each shipped $40 million and $31 million respectively.

With the exception of Turkey, whose shipments also fell dramatically in the past year, the other countries each saw an increase according to the report.

The message? Many of these are countries we may not have thought of when it comes to bedding production. But their growth as non-duty countries is impressive and shows the importance that global sourcing continues to play in different segments.

Perhaps their growing importance in bedding will also put them on the radar in other categories as retailers and consumers alike continue to seek the types of values that an expanded global sourcing footprint can offer.

Thomas Russell

Home News Now Editor-in-Chief Thomas Russell has covered the furniture industry for 25 years at various daily and weekly consumer and trade publications. He can be reached at and at 336-508-4616.

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